Central India is having dense forests with very rich flora and fauna. Forest vegetation with wide biodiversity is seen in this area. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project and surrounding area is rich in wild life. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) landscape is well known for tiger land in the country. This area is ecologically very productive which houses carnivores like Tiger, Leopards, Wild dogs, herbivores like Bison, Sambhar, Cheetal, Nilgai, Barking dear, bear, Wild boar, a group of avifauna, insects etc. In addition to these, numerous plants species including Teak, Bamboo, Bija, Arjun, Ain, etc and many perennial herbs and shrubs are also found. This ecosystem is providing excellent eco services to people.
Modern Forest Fire Control Project was implemented for protection of this ecosystem. FDCM is an agency for implementing this project for Govt. of Maharashtra. The project was started in the year 1984-85 with the financial support from UNDP. It was started over the selected areas including Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) and surrounding forest areas of FDCM & Forest Department, comprising about 1628.89 Sq kms. The project aimed at effective control over forest fires protecting from damage to the forest, wildlife & environment. UNDP project ended on 30.6.1990. But the fire fighting project is still in operation through grants received from Central and State Government.
Central & State Governments provide grants for protecting forests from fire, so as to protect Forest, wildlife and environment. Taking into account the results of Modern Forest Fire Project, implemented through FDCM, which resulted in reducing incidences of fires sizeably, Central & State funds for the continuation of this important & effective project was made available through Central and State Sponsor Schemes. Hence, it is continued further, till date with the financial assistance from Government of India and Government of Maharashtra on year to year basis.
Presently, the FDCM is implementing Fire Control Scheme on 52389 ha. forest area and 55162 ha. forest area under Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (Protected Area). For the areas pertaining to Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, the funds are being provided by Government of India through the CCF & Field Director, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Chandrapur. For the remaining areas under the FDCM Ltd. the funds are being provided by Govt. of Maharashtra, which includes establishment cost of the staff also. The project is being carried out by the FDCM without charging any service charges except staff salary.